In sunset photography , sunset may be the only subject if there's nothing interesting around.
Also, it is an intriguing form of sunset photography to shoot some other interesting subjects, taking sunset in the background or sidewise.
As such, even if sunset is not the subject, the category of photography is popularly known as sunset photography since the sunset has given the interesting and beautiful colours to the scene which could have never been seen otherwise.
Most of the photographer believes that it is harmful for the camera sensor to point directly to the bright lights such as the sun. Even though it is a setting sun, it has the sufficient light to harm your camera sensor.
To get rid of that difficulty partially, you may use a good quality filter. Filters are good in cutting down the unnecessary reflection.
You can use a polariser or a neutral density filter either. Both are good but the polariser can add bluish effects to the sky. But if you want your sunset photograph to be dark, then there’s no use of trying to add bluish effects to the sky. Filters also reduce the lens flare.
Here in this photo, I have used a filter which prevented the lens flare. The lens flare now seen in the picture is added in Photoshop.
Now let’s talk about the camera settings. In sunset photography , it is quite probable that the sun may be somewhere in the frame. It will be just like pointing the camera onto the source of light. So, there will be sufficing amount of light to exposure your picture. May use high shutter speed & low aperture (high value) with minimal ISO(to prevent grain, since outdoor photography).
Again to give a reddish effect, may choose the white balance as “sunlight” or “daylight” or something even warmer. May set exposure compensation to -0.3.
Before start shooting, study the surrounding and ambiance and decide what best sunset photography can be taken in that location.
Draw a picture in your mind and go ahead.
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